When a landscape is being installed on a new property, soil conditions need to be taken into account. Many new constructions have very little topsoil and would require soil amendments and remediation to create a planting bed that can allow plants to grow well. Correct plant spacing both from other plants and from the house can minimize problems in the future. Installing a landscape that is full of plants with little room can cause problems when the plant material matures. Pruning and maintenance can only do so much to prevent a landscape from getting overgrown.
Large plant material can provide an instant landscape for a new property. The larger material will take longer to establish and will require more care directed to keeping the plant alive. Smaller plant material will establish quicker and require care for a shorter period of time after planting. Transplant stress is most common in plants that are balled and burlapped (B&B), when these are dug from the field for sale the small fibrous roots which are most responsible for water and nutrient uptake are cut. The more care put into minimizing stress the better the chance of the plant to survive.
Before planting all plant material should be inspected for any roots that wrap around the trunk. As these roots grow they will constrict the tree and cut off its nutrients and water. Container plants should be inspected for roots that grow to circle the container, these roots should be cut or separated to encourage growth in a different direction. Planting holes should be dug wider than the hole to allow room for proper backfill and alignment. The edges of the planting holes should be scored to soften the soil allowing the roots to penetrate into the soil easier. In areas with high winds, large trees should be loosely staked to support them for the first year after planting. The stakes and tie should be removed after the first year to prevent any damage due to tree tie digging into the bark.